Despite being self-taught, Grazia Deledda, the first and only Italian writer who was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1926, achieved a huge international success. She was born from a wealthy bourgeois family in Nuoro, where she spent her childhood and youth when she began to publish the first pieces and stories in local newspapers and national magazines. Although she decided to move to Rome in 1900 following her marriage to a government official, she never broke the strong connection to her homeland which, despite the author’s poetic and stylistic evolution, continued for all her life and became a privileged source of inspiration for all her rich literary production that included prose (she wrote several hundred novellas in addition to several novels) and dramatic texts. Grazia Deledda’s birthplace is one of the most important museums in Nuoro. The writer was also honored with a monument by the sculptor Angelo Biancini in Cervia, the seaside town where she used to spend her holidays and of which she became an honorary citizen in 1927.