Complesso Nuragico Romanzesu

Visualizza la sezione: Complesso Nuragico Romanzesu
Visualizza la sezione: Complesso Nuragico Romanzesu

Thanks to the synergic effort and the long-standing (1998-99) collaboration of various institutions and organizations (Cooperativa Istelai, Municipality of Bitti, Regional Government of Sardinia - Department of Public Education, Cultural Heritage, information, Entertainment and Sport -, Archaeological Heritage Superintendence of the Provinces of Sassari and Nuoro), Bitti's cultural heritage (Complesso Nuragico dif Romanzesu, Museo della Civiltà Pastorale e Contadina and the Museo multimediale del Canto a tenore) has been continuously and profitably promoted, as evidenced by the increase of the number of tourists and the good economic returns for the territory.

COMPLESSO NURAGICO DI ROMANZESU (NURAGIC COMPLEX OF ROMANZESU)

About 13 kilometers away from the town center, immersed in a fascinating landscape of woods of cork oaks and picturesque rocky outcrops, in the vast granite plateau that extends to north/north-east of Bitti, the village features one of the most suggestive monumental stratifications of the millennial Nuragic civilization: the residential-cultural complex of Romanzesu.

The first to explore the area of Romanzesu was the Superintendent for the Antiquities of Sardinia of the time A.Taramelli, following the damage to a holy well in 1919, when the presence of Nuragic structures in this area was made public.  Since the late 1980s, thanks to the collaboration between the Superintendence for Archaeological Heritage of the provinces of Sassari and Nuoro and the municipality of Bitti, a series of regular excavation campaigns, cured by M.A. Fadda, has allowed the exploration of about a twentieth of the area (about 6 hectares wide) and has brought to light about ten huts and 5 monumental buildings used for cultural and/or ceremonial purposes, built with local granite.

The settlement was founded in the 15th century B.C. (Middle Bronze Age) and initially consisted of a simple group of huts around the spring that was later used by the holy well.

House-plans vary widely. In addition to the typical circular nuragic huts, many residential constructions feature elliptical or oval plans. Ceramic materials that date back to the Early Iron Age (9th – 8th century B.C.) were found in the only two dwellings that have been examined so far, whose insides feature benches and other objects.

A monumental dwelling features three open spaces on a common courtyard, whereas the five large circular constructions with or without a central fireplace and roughly-paved or clay-paved floors, provided with a big perimeter bench, are likely to be included in the category of the so-called meeting huts.

Even if the reasons are still unknown, since the end of the 13th century B.C., the village of Romanzesu witnessed an intense construction activity, as evidenced by the numerous cultural monuments that were built, which included a holy well dedicated to the water cult and the extraordinary annexed flight steps (about 48 meter long) used during collective ceremonies (probably ritual purifying ablutions); two temples with a rectangular-megaron plan; a big sub-elliptical fence that was likely to be used for a "Labyrinth" ritual path and a central sacellum; and another rectangular construction with three annexed baetyli. The latter, which was probably a heroon, a monumental "virtual burial place" dedicated to the worship of an "heroic-semi-divine" entity, not only featured a votive depository of bronze weapons, but also the largest single discovery of amber pearls (135 intact elements of a necklace and hundreds of fragments) dating back to Nuragic Sardinia that has ever been made.

Such a singular concentration of places of worship, some of which had already been discovered elsewhere (small megaron temples and holy well), whereas others, including the buildings intended for ritual /ceremonial functions that are still the unique examples within the sacred Nuragic architecture (the monumental flight steps annexed to the holy well, the "heroon"great sub-elliptical fence), is evidence of the radical functional transformation of Romanzesu, which had turned from a simple village to the reference "ceremonial community center" of a settlement located in a (probably) wide area. According to present knowledge and on a statistical basis of hundreds and hundreds of Nuragic villages, only few other settlements in Sardinia had, even if partially, this extraordinary role (e.g. Santa Vittoria in Serri, Gremanu in Fonni, Santa Cristina in Paulilatino, etc.). According to excavation data, the village of Romanzesu was flourishing between the 15th century B.C. (Middle Bronze Age), when it was founded, and the 8th century B.C. (advanced stage of the Early Iron Age) when Nuragic peoples abandoned the area.

The archaeological area of Romanzesu, located 770 meters above sea level, is easily reachable by a paved road with tourist indications at km 54,200 of the highway S.S. 389 Bitti-Buddusò.

 

Information

Site name: Cmplesso nuragico Romanzesu (Nuragic Complex  of Romanzesu)
Full address: Via G. Mameli n. 52 08021 Bitti (Nu)
Phone: +39 0784 414314 / +39 333 3211346
Email: coop.istelai@tiscali.it
Website: www.romanzesu.sardegna.it
Opening times:     Winter Opening Times
Monday - Saturday (8.30 a.m. - 1.00 p.m./2.30-6.00 p.m.)
Guided tours are available at the following times:
Morning: 9.00- 10.15 - 11.45
Afternoon: 2.45 - 4.00
Sunday (9.00 a.m. - 5.00 p.m.)
Guided tours are available at the following times:
9.30 a.m. -10.45 a.m. -12.00 a.m. -1.30 p.m.-2.45 p.m. - 4.00 p.m.

Summer Opening Times
Monday-Saturday (9.00 a.m. - 1.00 p.m. / 3.00 p.m. - 7.00 p.m. )
Guided tours are available at the following times:
Morning: 9.15 - 10.30 - 11.45
Afternoon: 3.15 - 4.30 - 5.45
Sunday (9.30 a.m. - 1.00 p.m. / 2.30 p.m. - 7.00 p.m. )
Guided tours are available at the following times:
Morning: 9.30 - 10.30 - 11.45
Afternoon: 2.30 - 3.30 - 4.45 - 5.45
Special deals or combo tickets:     Ticket: € 5,00 (Complesso nuragico Romanzesu +Museo pastorale e multimediale canto a tenore)
Cut-rate ticket (over 65s, disabled people, groups of 10 or more): € 3.00 (Complesso nuragico Romanzesu+ Museo pastorale e multimediale canto a tenore)